By James B. Freeman
This monograph first offers a mode of diagramming argument macrostructure, synthesizing the traditional circle and arrow technique with the Toulmin version. A theoretical justification of this system via a dialectical realizing of argument, a severe exam of Toulmin on warrants, an intensive dialogue of the linked-convergent contrast, and an account of the correct reconstruction of enthymemes follows.
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Extra info for Argument Structure:: Representation and Theory (Argumentation Library)
The proponent could then ask whether the first intermediate conclusion IC1 (assuming there is at least one intermediate conclusion) follows. The proponent now is asking a question. ” If “No,” she may very well resume her traditional challenger role by asking why some rebuttal does not hold. Then the proponent must assume his traditional role to deal with the mooted rebuttal. Given that he does this successfully and the challenger eventually answers “Yes,”, we can imagine her similarly answering “Yes” for each of the remaining intermediate steps down to admitting that Q follows given the last intermediate step.
There is a question in her mind whether some condition or state of affairs holds which, should it hold, would either constitute evidence against the proponent’s conclusion or call the reliability of the proponent’s inference to that conclusion into question. It is not necessary that the challenger accept on evidence that this condition holds. It is sufficient that there be a realistic possibility, from her perspective, that it does. Some examples may help make plain the various possibilities here.
Goodwin indicates “that Wigmore takes his Chart primarily to represent the thought processes of someone trying to make a decision” (Goodwin 2000, 229) in a judicial context. This process consists in constructing an argument for some judicial decision. Argumentation in such a context has some special features, in particular when one is trying an issue of fact. First, the basic premises of one’s reasoning concern received sworn testimony. Hence, receipt of that testimony and its presumptive reliability are established facts.