By Nicole Gotzner
This ebook offers a unique experimental method of investigating the psychological illustration of linguistic choices. Combining theoretical and psycholinguistic questions about the nature of different units, it sheds new mild at the concept of concentration and the cognitive mechanisms underlying the processing of choices. In a sequence of language comprehension experiments, the writer exhibits that intonational concentration and concentration debris akin to ‘only’ form the illustration of choices in a listener’s brain in a primary manner. This booklet is suitable to researchers drawn to semantics, pragmatics, language processing and memory.
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Additional resources for Alternative Sets in Language Processing: How Focus Alternatives are Represented in the Mind
Linguistic focus and good-enough representations: An application of the change-detection paradigm. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 11, 882–888. Umbach, C. (2001). Restriktion der Alternativen. Linguistische Arbeitsberichte, 77, 165–198. Umbach, C. (2004). On the notion of contrast in information structure and discourse structure. Journal of Semantics, 21, 155–175. von Fintel, K. (1994). Restrictions on Quantifier Domains. D. thesis, University of Massachusetts. von Stechow, A. (1990). Focusing and backgrounding operators.
2, linguistic theory divides focus particles into groups according to their specific meaning components. Exclusives like only express that the alternatives do not hold, while additives such as even and also presuppose the truth of alternative propositions. From this distinction, it might follow that the alternatives are mentally switched off if an exclusive particle is used while they become more salient in the case of inclusive particles. This hypothesis will be referred to as the lexical meaning hypothesis.
Defining ‘contrast’ as an information-structural notion in grammar. Lingua, 120, 1333–1345. Repp, S. (2016). Contrast: Dissecting an elusive information-structural notion and its role in grammar. In C. Féry & S. ), OUP Handbook of Information Structure. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Rochemont, M. (2013). Discourse new, f-marking, and normal stress. Lingua, 136, 38–62. 2 Theoretical and Empirical Background 39 Rochemont, M. S. (1986). Focus in generative grammar (Vol. 4). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing.