Download Action and Existence: A Case for Agent Causation by J. Swindal PDF

By J. Swindal

Because the pioneering paintings of Donald Davidson on motion, many philosophers have taken severe stances on his causal account. This ebook criticizes Davidson's event-causal view of motion, and provides in its place an agent causal view either to explain what an motion is and to set a framework for a way activities are defined.

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For example, moral discourses must include discourses about constative claims regarding satisfaction of needs. Habermas inscribes his pragmatic pluralism of worlds and claims into the totality of the lifeworld. Actions take place within a lifeworld and make “claims” on all others in that matrix. The background assumptions that determine the context for all speech acts in discourse operate “behind our backs” in the lifeworld. Thus they are known neither discursively nor normatively, but intuitively.

3) implies a nonreductive structural unity between expressive and constative claims that makes possible the rational preservation and criticism of context-independent claims. 50 It would seem that one cannot hold entirely to the illicit nature of (§6). A purely normative realm, without reconstruction in constative, causal relations, defies possibility. Even Habermas violates his own stricture. His phylogenetic reconstruction of the development of norms itself bestows regulative norms with a form of factual status.

G. g. give money or not give money). The norm presumably would be to take actions needed to restore at least some other persons to some ideal of human well-being, but this must be balanced with the subjective conditions of the actor (what financial resources are available to give right now, and what is the ultimate limit of his or her beneficence). The norms’ concepts employed can take various guises, such as the common good, maximal utility, maximin utility, value, the categorical imperative, and so on.

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