By Paulo Cesar Sandler
The ultimate booklet within the three-volume sequence, A medical software of Bion’s Concepts is split in 4 components. half I, during the relief of a transdisciplinary examine among psycho-analysis, arithmetic, and physics, proposes 4 extended adaptations of Bion’s epistemological software, The Grid. half II is a learn of the main elemental bearings of the psycho-analytic clinic—free institutions and unfastened floating attention—which evolves from the examine of goals, lower than the contributions of Bion (presented in quantity I), in addition to from the examine of the analytic functionality and the functionality of the analyst (presented in quantity II). partly III, Sandler indicates how the pursuit of fact might be noticeable as one of many reasons of the psycho-analytic research within the medical institution. half IV provides Sandler’s proposals for increasing the observational strength of latest Bion’s theories.
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Extra info for A Clinical Application of Bion's Concepts, Volume 3: Verbal and Visual Approaches to Reality
The first stage is represented by the data that demands to be apprehended: the raw external and internal sensuous stimuli. The last stage is expressed by memories, dreams and thinking, a mixing of α-elements. Bion calls the external and internal stimuli β-elements, which occupy a specific category in the horizontal axis, as I have just mentioned (Column 1). They also occupy the same place in the vertical axis: the definitory hypothesis. The sensuously apprehensible stimuli are the origin of everything and anything.
The outcome and aftermath depend on each person’s abilities to hate truth and disregard life, linked to primary narcissism and envy as described by Freud and Klein (Bion, 1958–1979, pp. 125, 133, 262; Klein, 1957). The blind man’s stick, the natural tendency of the unconscious phantasy towards developed apprehensions of reality, transmutes itself into a herald of ignorance, manifested in delusions, illusions and fetishism. These nourish paranoia or psychopathic behaviour if the phantasy leans towards its error rather than to reality.
This theory has an intermediary stage that Bion regards as the formation of α-elements. The first stage is represented by the data that demands to be apprehended: the raw external and internal sensuous stimuli. The last stage is expressed by memories, dreams and thinking, a mixing of α-elements. Bion calls the external and internal stimuli β-elements, which occupy a specific category in the horizontal axis, as I have just mentioned (Column 1). They also occupy the same place in the vertical axis: the definitory hypothesis.