Download 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section by American Academy of Ophthalmology, Rod Foroozan MD PDF

By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Rod Foroozan MD

Offers a symptom-driven method of the analysis and remedy of significant neuro-ophthalmic stipulations. With the focal point at the sufferer, this e-book emphasizes exam and acceptable adjunctive reviews, together with a dialogue of diagnostic imaging modalities, and leads the reader in the course of the occasionally refined manifestations of neuro-ophthalmic sickness to anatomical localization of lesions and definitive analysis. an summary of the anatomy of visible pathways is followed through many illustrations.

Upon finishing touch of part five, readers will be capable to:

- Describe a symptom-driven method of sufferers with universal neuro-ophthalmic court cases that allows you to formulate a suitable differential diagnosis

- choose the main applicable exams and imaging, in line with symptomatology, to diagnose and deal with neuro-ophthalmic problems in an economical manner

- examine eye circulate issues and the ocular motor procedure

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Extra resources for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 5: Neuro-Ophthalmology

Example text

Lntraocular view (A), lateral view (B), and sagittal view (C) of the optic nerve head. Short posterior ciliary arteries supply centripetal capillary beds of the anterior optic nerve head. The central retinal artery (CRA) contribution is restricted to nerve fiber layer capillaries and capillaries of the anterior intraorbital optic nerve. Capillary beds at all levels drain into the centra l retinal vein (CRV). Key: A= arachnoid; Ch = choroid; Co1Br = collateral branches; D = dura; LC = lamina cribrosa; NFL = surface nerve fiber layer of disc; OD = optic disc; ON = optic nerve; p = pia; PCilA = posterior ciliary artery; R = retina; RA = retinal arteriole; S = sclera; SAS = subarachnoid space.

The medial and lateral long posterior ciliary arteries variably anastomose with penetrating branches of the anterior ciliary arteries (within the rectus muscles) to form the greater arterial circle near the anterior part of the ciliary body. Branches from this circle extend radially within the iris to form a second anastomotic circle (the lesser arterial circle) near the collarette of the iris. The terminal OphA supplies additional branches that collateralize with the anterior and posterior ethmoidal arteries and form the short (up to 20 small branches supplying the optic disc and posterior choroid) and long (running horizontally to help supply the anterior segment and the anterior choroid) posterior ciliary arteries (Fig 1-10 ).

Optokinetic 4. smooth pursuit CHAPTER 1: Neuro-Ophthalmic Anatomy • 33 s. saccades 6. vergence 4 . Each system appears to be under the control of-and modulated by-different regions of the brain (cortex) and brainstem, with considerable anatomical and functional overlap. This section provides an overview of the ocular motor system, with a detailed discussion of particularly clinically relevant structures. Interested readers can find a comprehensive description of the ocular motor system in the outstanding textbook by Leigh and Zee (Leigh RJ, Zee DS.

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